After the interview, you will return to the reception centre or your place of residence. Meanwhile, the protection officer will analyse all the information necessary for a decision. The waiting time for a decision varies. The CGRS aims at taking a decision within two months after the interview, unless further analysis is necessary. An applicant from your country who arrived later than you in Belgium may nevertheless get a decision earlier. This is not a reason to worry. Every application for asylum is different and is examined individually. The CGRS is aware that a long waiting time is a cause of uncertainty and stress. It does everything to take a decision as quickly as possible.
How does the CGRS take a decision?
After your second interview, the CGRS examines your application. The CGRS takes into account:
- your age, background, level of education, gender and maturity;
- the fact that as a minor, you do not experience everything in the same way as an adult.
First, the CGRS assesses the credibility of your declarations and documents:
- Is the information you gave during your interview correct?
- Are the documents real?
- Are your declarations credible, whether about your origin or about the problems you faced.
If your declarations and documents are credible, the CGRS will check whether your application falls under the Geneva Refugee Convention, that is to say whether you fear persecution because of your nationality, ethnic origin, religion, political opinions or because you are a member of a particular social group.
If you cannot be granted refugee status, the CGRS will examine if you may receive subsidiary protection. This will be the case when you run a risk of serious harm in your country because of death penalty or execution, torture, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment or indiscriminate violence because of war.
If you cannot be granted refugee status or subsidiary protection status, the CGRS will take a decision of refusal.
If you do not agree with the decision of the CGRS, you can bring an appeal to the Council for Alien Law Litigation (RvV/CCE).